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Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Globalisation reimagined

COVID-19 is driving a form of deglobalisation –or arguably a new globalisation– that in certain respects had already started before the pandemic broke out, with the crisis that began in 2008. As Carmen Reinhart, now the Chief Economist at the World Bank, and Vincent Reinhart point out, growth in [...]

Some thoughts on the pre-COVID world. 2019 Elcano Global Presence Index results

We have just launched a new edition of the Elcano Global Presence Index, that refers to 2019. In this tenth anniversary (already!) and as in previous years, we are adding ten new countries; so that the Index is now calculated for 130 countries from all regions, accounting for 99% [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The TikTok war

The geo-technological fallout from the TikTok war goes much further than the possible impact of the bans that are starting to be imposed on the app, which is used to exchange short videos and is owned by Chinese capital. The ban, first in India, and possibly to be followed [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Multilateralism has lost its way

‘Freedom, for what?’ Lenin asked Fernando de los Ríos. ‘Freedom to be free’, the professor of political law and leading Spanish socialist in the 1920s and 30s rightly replied. ‘Multilateralism, for what?’ might be the question today. And the reply cannot simply be ‘to be multilateral’, as some would [...]

GAIA-X: an opportunity for the European digital sovereignty?

Winston Churchill stated that “it is always wise to look ahead, but difficult to look further than you can see”. Current times praise this quote: we live in a scenario of technological somnambulism, a stage with no total awareness and knowledge about transformation process that technology is producing in [...]

Which multilateralism for Cyber Norms?

Making a virtue out of necessity. In a crisis situation such as the current pandemic in which the United Nations Secretary-General called for a global ceasefire of armed conflicts as common responsibility, cyberspace –one of the greatest forgotten topics in global negotiations– appears to be at present –more than [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The virus war with China

In 2003, when SARS emerged, the US and other countries cooperated with China from the outset, enabling the epidemic to be brought under control. In 2020 not only has there been no such initial cooperation on COVID-19, but the way in which China covered up the first cases and [...]

Digital truce at times of post-crisis

Digital dividends co-exist with digital divides. Critical junctures reveal at what extent the scope, spread and speed of those Global Commons which are not merely up to States are likely to produce a significant turn. In the case of the current coronavirus crisis, cyberspace and complex digital-based world are [...]

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