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Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Multilateralism has lost its way

‘Freedom, for what?’ Lenin asked Fernando de los Ríos. ‘Freedom to be free’, the professor of political law and leading Spanish socialist in the 1920s and 30s rightly replied. ‘Multilateralism, for what?’ might be the question today. And the reply cannot simply be ‘to be multilateral’, as some would [...]

GAIA-X: an opportunity for the European digital sovereignty?

Winston Churchill stated that “it is always wise to look ahead, but difficult to look further than you can see”. Current times praise this quote: we live in a scenario of technological somnambulism, a stage with no total awareness and knowledge about transformation process that technology is producing in [...]

Which multilateralism for Cyber Norms?

Making a virtue out of necessity. In a crisis situation such as the current pandemic in which the United Nations Secretary-General called for a global ceasefire of armed conflicts as common responsibility, cyberspace –one of the greatest forgotten topics in global negotiations– appears to be at present –more than [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The virus war with China

In 2003, when SARS emerged, the US and other countries cooperated with China from the outset, enabling the epidemic to be brought under control. In 2020 not only has there been no such initial cooperation on COVID-19, but the way in which China covered up the first cases and [...]

Digital truce at times of post-crisis

Digital dividends co-exist with digital divides. Critical junctures reveal at what extent the scope, spread and speed of those Global Commons which are not merely up to States are likely to produce a significant turn. In the case of the current coronavirus crisis, cyberspace and complex digital-based world are [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega General assured weakness: a world with less power

Global geopolitical rivalry persists, although under new guises, subsumed by the general COVID-19 crisis. But this very crisis means that all the great powers, and unions of powers like the EU, and international organisations –such as the largely absent UN (the WHO being an exception)– are now weaker than [...]

Geopolitically or not, the new EU fears and needs China

The new European Commission is set to be geopolitical. Ursula von der Leyen, the Commission President, wants the EU to become more active in the international arena, even assertive if needed. In a context of increasing hostility between two world powers, the US and China, and the rise of [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Domestic politics / foreign policy

‘All politics is local’, observed Tip O’Neill, speaker of the US House of Representatives in the 1980s. Foreign policy and domestic politics and policy are intimately linked. Thus, the foreign arena is used to defend domestic interests, and the course of domestic politics determines various factors abroad. This involves [...]

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