Spain

Forty years of democratic Spain

Forty years ago this month, Spaniards overwhelmingly approved their new Constitution in a referendum which sealed the country’s transition to democracy. General Francisco Franco had died in 1975, after ruling Spain since 1939 following his victory in the three-year civil war. Be it economically with, for example, the creation [...]

The CEO who is changing Algeria’s energy landscape

On 20 November 2018, the CEO of Sonatrach Abdelmoumen Ould Kaddour visited Spain to celebrate the renewal of gas contracts with the Spanish energy company Naturgy. He also took the opportunity to present the Algerian oil and gas national company’s vision for 2030 at the Elcano Royal Institute. This [...]

Catalonia is not Scotland, despite appearances

Catalonia and Scotland share grievances that led them to hold referendums on independence, in the first case an illegal vote in 2017, in defiance of the Spanish Constitution, and the second a legal one in 2014 agreed with the UK government as Britain does not have a codified constitution. [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Spain is not Italy

The two countries are often yoked together, particularly in more northerly latitudes and in the British and US press. But Italy –which boasts a fine Ambassador in Madrid, Stefano Sannino– and Spain are not only highly different, if anything they have become more so. This has become even more [...]

Spain ups its global presence

Spain was ranked 11th out of 110 countries in the 2017 Elcano Global Presence Index, which measures the results of internationalisation, up from 12th in 2016 (see Figure 1). Figure 1. 2017 Elcano global presence ranking, Top 20 Country Score Country Score 1. United States 2,494.1 11. Spain 233.7 [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Europe strengthens the rule of law

Europe –the EU and the Council of Europe– has enhanced the rule of law for both its citizens and member states. And it continues to do so. In recent weeks we have seen some examples of this enhanced rule-of-law provided by the EU, a system of which the European [...]

Catalonia secessionist parties regain control of the region’s parliament

Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy’s gamble that the snap election he called would help return Catalonia, one of Spain’s richest regions, to ‘normality and legality’ did not pay off, as the three pro-independence parties again won a narrow majority in the Catalan parliament on under 50% of the vote and [...]

Sedition in Catalonia (2): nationalism vs cultural diversity

It is often claimed that the trigger of the recent independentist surge was the Constitutional Court’s rejection in 2010 of some of the key articles of the new Catalan Statute of 2006, which had been approved by the Catalan Parliament with two-thirds support, by the Spanish Parliament with an [...]

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