Rusia

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega All wars are hybrid, but war and the notion of hybrid have changed

The expression ‘hybrid war’, made fashionable by Frank Hoffman in 2007 and even more popular since the Russian annexation of Crimea in 2014, is suffering from overuse. But not everything is war, or hybrid, despite the fact that we live in hybrid times. Take what is happening on the [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The retreat of the West

George W. Bush, Bush junior, entered the White House in January 2001 on a platform that emphasised a degree of isolationism, deriving from the unipolar episode the US was experiencing. The September 11 attacks that same year awoke him from the slumbers of the strategic snooze the US (and [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Does China pose a challenge to our liberal democracies?

The US is embarking upon a strategy of definition against China, based on a broad domestic consensus predating Biden, but that now draws heavily on domestic policy. Beyond this, however, China is the only country with the potential for competing at all levels of power with the US and [...]

Soft power put to the test

Just a few weeks ago, China’s president, Xi Jinping, called for a more “loveable” image for China during the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference which was held at the beginning of June. Xi Jinping aims to revamp its country’s image, and “expand its circle of friends”. Chinese president told [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega From Afghanistan to China: the pathology of victory

On September 11 this year the longest war ever waged by the US will come to an end, in a phase involving both the US and NATO, following the withdrawal announced by Biden, 20 years after the al-Qaeda attack on the Twin Towers and the Pentagon. Lest there be [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The global agenda: immunising the world

It is not only a matter of morality but also an issue of general protection and even of geopolitics: it is necessary to immunise the world, or at least to try to, and to this end launch a global vaccination campaign against COVID-19. Western leaders have been slow to [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega A pandemic without moral authorities

The pandemic has been characterised by a notable lack not only of political but also international and even Western moral authorities, of prominent figures –whether leaders in their own fields or intellectuals– to act as beacons of light. Pope Francis from the perspective of Roman Catholicism for example, and [...]

Which multilateralism for Cyber Norms?

Making a virtue out of necessity. In a crisis situation such as the current pandemic in which the United Nations Secretary-General called for a global ceasefire of armed conflicts as common responsibility, cyberspace –one of the greatest forgotten topics in global negotiations– appears to be at present –more than [...]

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