Paris Climate Agreement

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The costs of non-multilateralism

In a few weeks’ time we may have seen the new multilateralism in action, or its limits. The global agreement instigated by the OECD regarding the taxes levied on big tech firms is a milestone. The COP26 summit in Glasgow at the start of November, aimed at further implementing [...]

EU-Mercosur Free Trade Agreement

On the 28th of June 2019, after two decades of negotiation, a historic trade agreement was struck between the European Union (EU) and the Mercosur trading bloc (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay). The awaited agreement is set to strengthen trade and political ties, as well as being an opportunity [...]

A look at the geopolitics of the European Green Deal

Over the last few years, climate change diplomacy captured the attention of policymakers and made the case for a low carbon energy transition. Countries have taken some measures to reduce emissions and to adapt to the impacts of climate change, even if these fall short of what is required [...]

Europe and Latin America can blaze a trail on implementing the Paris Agreement

On Monday 18th  June, I had the pleasure to speak at a seminar on Ibero-America and the energy transition and climate change organized by the Elcano Royal Institute and Spain’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation. Here’s an edited version of my comments. The Paris Agreement was [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega From the G20 to the G-Zero: global governance without Trump?

With his hostile stance on the Paris climate change agreement, Trump subverted the G7 (which had already thrown out Russia). His nationalist and protectionist “America First” posture in Hamburg did not paralyse the G20, but it did to a large extent render it hollow, despite the lengthy list of [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Global sub-state governance: how Trump matters less

Some years ago the humorist Art Buchwald (1925-2007), on the eve of a visit to Washington by Jerry Brown, then and now the governor of California, wondered whether California would continue being part of NATO. After Donald Trump’s decision to pull the US out of the Paris climate change [...]

Climate finance: definition, integration, alignment, scaling and disclosure imperatives

Patricia Espinosa, Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) reminded us earlier this year that in order to avoid dangerous interference with the climate system we need to do (at least) three things: implement Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), strengthen the economic case for climate [...]

Trump versus the planet? No global climate action derailment but uncertainty on the horizon

The US is the second largest greenhouse gas emitter with 14.4% of global emissions in 2012, after China (25.36%) and followed by the EU (10.16%) (note the data exclude emissions from Land-Use Change and Forestry in addition to excluding greenhouse gas emissions from bunker fuels). As climate change is [...]

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