NATO

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega A European army? But first a Defence Union

Jean-Claude Juncker can sometimes be very daring. But words count, and should be used with precision. Speaking to a German newspaper, the President of the European Commission has called for a ‘European army’ to help cope with the challenge posed by Russia, to defend European ‘values’ and for the [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega We’re losing Turkey

Turkey is moving further away from the West and getting closer to Eurasia, including Russia. President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s discourse is becoming steadily more anti-Western and anti-European. He recently claimed that the Turks had reached America three centuries before Christopher Columbus. He added: ‘Those who colonised America for its [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega What did NATO promise Gorbachev?

Some in Russia maintain that the West promised there would be no NATO expansion eastwards, even towards what was soon to be the former German Democratic Republic (GDR), in exchange for accepting German unification. The West, particularly the US, maintains there was no such commitment. Which is true? It [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega NATO: fronts, frontiers and vectors

During the Cold War, NATO was conceived in terms of fronts and borders. It had only one front, the central one facing the Soviet menace, but also flanks, such as its southern edge, of which Spain formed part even before it joined the Alliance. In the present day NATO [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Let’s ask… ‘After the Crimea: ¿towards a new deterrence?’

The crisis with Russia over the Crimea and the Ukraine in general has led the EU and NATO to start re-thinking the concept of deterrence, although in a very different context from that of the Cold War. Re-thinking has only just begun, given the current events and in view [...]

NATO-EU: Approaches to Mediterranean Security

Franco Frattini is justice and chamber president of the Italian Supreme Administrative Court. He was the Former Foreign Minister in the Italian Cabinet  (2002 to 2004 and 2008 to 2011) and Vice President and European Commissioner for Justice, Freedom and Security in the first Barroso Commission (2004-2008). He is [...]

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