globalization

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Re-globalisation with hiccups

It was once thought that globalisation would integrate everything into complex and varied supply chains, thereby avoiding the need to stockpile parts and materials. It was the age of “just-in-time”, invented by Toyota. But with the pandemic and other catalysing factors, the situation has changed: we are no longer [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Multilateralism has lost its way

‘Freedom, for what?’ Lenin asked Fernando de los Ríos. ‘Freedom to be free’, the professor of political law and leading Spanish socialist in the 1920s and 30s rightly replied. ‘Multilateralism, for what?’ might be the question today. And the reply cannot simply be ‘to be multilateral’, as some would [...]

The 2018 Elcano Global Presence Index is here

Today, we are launching a new edition of the Elcano Global Presence Index; an index that aims to measure the extent of the external projection of countries. These are the data for 2018, that complement a series that now includes 57,672 observations across 13 years (since the fall of [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Globalisation 4.0: people-centred

Globalisation and the technological revolution go hand-in-hand, in a way that is now inseparable. But they both need to revolve around human beings, thereby becoming more inclusive, reconnecting the rhythm of the economy with the rhythm of society, or at least some societies. In other words, they need to [...]

Present or powerful? A comparison of the Best Countries ranking and the Elcano Global Presence Index

Early this year, U.S. News published the 2018 Best Countries ranking that aims at classifying countries according to how these are perceived in terms of adventure, citizenship, cultural influence, entrepreneurship, heritage, movers, open for business, power and quality of life. Countries’ assessments are made by a selection of 21,117 [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Trump and what caused him

The causes underlying Donald Trump’s arrival in the White House exactly one year ago are still subject to debate. But these causes, which are manifold and complex, have a bearing on his impact, on his politics, which have taken and indeed are taking their time to materialise. One example [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega European solidarity for Catalonia

The EU –its institutions and member states– has supported the Spanish government in its dispute with the separatists of Catalonia. It has done so, among other reasons, in defence of its own interests, which do not include the breaking away of territories, far less if it involves flouting existing [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega A time of general distrust

Distrust permeates our societies: distrust in governments, in parliaments, in the news media, and even corporations have lost ground in this respect. Trust in senior executives has fallen by 12 percentage points in one year, to 37%, mainly because of the way businesses are perceived and how they treat [...]

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