globalisation

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega God, arms and law: Biden or Trump, nothing will be as before

For some time it has been possible to portray the Transatlantic divide on the basis of three concepts: God, arms and the law. Now, the breach between them has also become a domestic issue in the US. Formerly Europe was less religious than the US and religion had less [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Globalisation reimagined

COVID-19 is driving a form of deglobalisation –or arguably a new globalisation– that in certain respects had already started before the pandemic broke out, with the crisis that began in 2008. As Carmen Reinhart, now the Chief Economist at the World Bank, and Vincent Reinhart point out, growth in [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega 1989, 30 years on: from the Iron Curtain to digital curtains

The night of 8 November 1989, 30 years ago, witnessed not only the breaching of a wall, the Berlin Wall (a key element of the Iron curtain), but also the birth of a hope, the hope that freedom and democracy would flourish. Not long afterwards the Soviet Union collapsed, [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Globalisation 4.0: people-centred

Globalisation and the technological revolution go hand-in-hand, in a way that is now inseparable. But they both need to revolve around human beings, thereby becoming more inclusive, reconnecting the rhythm of the economy with the rhythm of society, or at least some societies. In other words, they need to [...]

A tale of Africa’s behaviour in Elcano Global Presence Index

The Elcano Global Presence Index is calculated and updated yearly. Ten new countries are added to the Index database every year. This means that we now have records of global presence index value, contributions (of the economic, military and soft dimension to countries’ external projection) and quotas (held by [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Half the world is middle class

The middle and wealthy classes now account for more than half the world’s population, rather more than 3.8 billion people, a majority. This is the conclusion of a World Data Lab report covering 97% of the world’s population and published on the Brookings Institution blog. This is a clear [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The demolition of Rodrik’s trilemma

In his book The Globalization Paradox, published in 2011, the Harvard Professor Dani Rodrik formulated his famous trilemma: it is impossible to attain economic hyperglobalisation, national sovereignty and democracy simultaneously, because only two of these things can be achieved at any one time. The sides of the triangle must [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Big states, big business, troubled societies

Shop window, megaphone and venue for discreet meetings: Davos is all these things. The main participants at the most recent World Economic Forum were the major states –geopolitical problems sometimes stem from others of lesser calibre– and the large technology and IT companies. It has been held at a [...]

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