globalisation

The end of the world pre-COVID: what do the 2020 results of the Elcano Global Presence Index tell us?

Today we are launching the 2020 edition of the Elcano Global Presence Index. This 11th edition does not yet reflect the effect of the pandemic, so, in a sense, it can be considered a description of the world before the eruption of the pandemic. A world that had, however, [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Re-globalisation with hiccups

It was once thought that globalisation would integrate everything into complex and varied supply chains, thereby avoiding the need to stockpile parts and materials. It was the age of “just-in-time”, invented by Toyota. But with the pandemic and other catalysing factors, the situation has changed: we are no longer [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Containers: essential but more expensive

Standardised containers have become an essential component of modern globalisation, carrying by sea almost half the world’s trade, a proportion that has risen since the pandemic-related reduction in journeys made by passenger aircraft, which also carry goods in their holds. Containers are also taken by rail. They were manageable [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega God, arms and law: Biden or Trump, nothing will be as before

For some time it has been possible to portray the Transatlantic divide on the basis of three concepts: God, arms and the law. Now, the breach between them has also become a domestic issue in the US. Formerly Europe was less religious than the US and religion had less [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Globalisation reimagined

COVID-19 is driving a form of deglobalisation –or arguably a new globalisation– that in certain respects had already started before the pandemic broke out, with the crisis that began in 2008. As Carmen Reinhart, now the Chief Economist at the World Bank, and Vincent Reinhart point out, growth in [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega 1989, 30 years on: from the Iron Curtain to digital curtains

The night of 8 November 1989, 30 years ago, witnessed not only the breaching of a wall, the Berlin Wall (a key element of the Iron curtain), but also the birth of a hope, the hope that freedom and democracy would flourish. Not long afterwards the Soviet Union collapsed, [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Globalisation 4.0: people-centred

Globalisation and the technological revolution go hand-in-hand, in a way that is now inseparable. But they both need to revolve around human beings, thereby becoming more inclusive, reconnecting the rhythm of the economy with the rhythm of society, or at least some societies. In other words, they need to [...]

A tale of Africa’s behaviour in Elcano Global Presence Index

The Elcano Global Presence Index is calculated and updated yearly. Ten new countries are added to the Index database every year. This means that we now have records of global presence index value, contributions (of the economic, military and soft dimension to countries’ external projection) and quotas (held by [...]

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