Germany

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Brexit and Trump as vaccination: four decisive years for the EU

Both Brexit and Donald Trump’s election have mutated from appearing to be a form of divisive virus –that could spread– into becoming something akin to a vaccine for the EU and its members states. But its effects are likely to endure only for a limited period of time: following [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega A 360º NATO, but without Article 5?

NATO does not like referring to fronts, because this would imply enemies. It prefers everything to be a matter of flanks: the Eastern flank (bordering Russia) and the Southern flank. But this has been superseded too. It is obsolete terminology and now there is talk of a 360º NATO, [...]

The importance of Spanish-German cooperation in strengthening the EU

The EU is facing enormous economic, social and geostrategic challenges. Internally, it needs to cope with increased inequality (due to the effects of the Great Recession and the Eurozone crisis, but also the impact of new technologies and automation), the flaws in the governance of the Eurozone, Brexit, the [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega A social Europe, protective but not protectionist

Between the two rounds of the French presidential election, in which the debate about Europe was a central issue, the European Commission added its own not entirely coincidental contribution with its Reflection Paper on the Social Dimension of Europe. It has resurrected the idea of relaunching the social dimension [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Macron, champion of European sovereignty

In Emmanuel Macron, France has secured a pro-European President (one might go as far to say romantically pro-European), outstripping François Hollande by some margin in this respect, but in a society that is divided on the issue. It undoubtedly gives some breathing space to the European project and opens [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Open France vs closed France, on the rise vs in decline, new vs old

If the first round of the presidential elections was a confrontation between an open and a closed conception of France, rather than right against left, the run-off on 7 May between Emmanuel Macron and Marine Le Pen will be even more so. With the likely victory of the former, [...]

A new deal for Europe

The concept of a ‘multi-speed Europe’ –the idea that some EU member states should move ahead with more integration despite the resistance or lack of interest of others– is back. At least it is in the rhetoric of some European leaders. The German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, and the French [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Scenarios of an electoral super year: Europe at the test

On 15 March the Netherlands kicks off an electoral super year in an EU that is teetering. Whether it remains intact, and even advances, or collapses, will depend to a large extent on what happens at the polls. French presidential elections will be held in April, followed by legislative [...]
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