Francia

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The return of industrial policy: more European than Europeanist

A Spanish Minister said in the 1990s that ‘the best industrial policy is one that doesn’t exist’. Although Carlos Solchaga oversaw a courageous and tough bout of industrial restructuring, it is unlikely that such an affirmation would find much favour today amid European concerns about the Fourth Industrial Revolution [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega ‘Yellow vests’: the first rebellion against the ecological transition

The relatively modest but nevertheless paralysing movement of the gilets jaunes, or ‘yellow vests’, has caught France, and French politics, off guard. It could be argued that it is Europe’s first rebellion against the ecological transition, to an economy free of fossil fuels, with the EU heralding the beginning [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega 2018, a lost year for Europe

There was a time when it was hoped that 2018 would be the year in which the EU, the project, would get back on track. The economic crisis had been surmounted, albeit with aftereffects. In France, Emmanuel Macron was elected President in May 2017 on a platform of relaunching [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega EU: external centrifugal forces and European ‘clusters’

The EU’s problems stem not only from within but also from without. What the governments of non-member countries do has an impact on the range of ‘clusters’ into which the Union is fracturing, divisions that are already more complex than North-South, East-West or lenders-borrowers. It is not the cause, [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Crisis in Social Democracy, crisis in Europe?

The construction of Europe in the post-war world was, as Jacques Delors used to say, “the offspring of the virtuos love affair between Christian Democracy and Social Democracy”. The former has changed a great deal, although in Germany it remains strong, albeit diminished. But in the EU’s two central [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Brexit and Trump as vaccination: four decisive years for the EU

Both Brexit and Donald Trump’s election have mutated from appearing to be a form of divisive virus –that could spread– into becoming something akin to a vaccine for the EU and its members states. But its effects are likely to endure only for a limited period of time: following [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega A 360º NATO, but without Article 5?

NATO does not like referring to fronts, because this would imply enemies. It prefers everything to be a matter of flanks: the Eastern flank (bordering Russia) and the Southern flank. But this has been superseded too. It is obsolete terminology and now there is talk of a 360º NATO, [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Macron, champion of European sovereignty

In Emmanuel Macron, France has secured a pro-European President (one might go as far to say romantically pro-European), outstripping François Hollande by some margin in this respect, but in a society that is divided on the issue. It undoubtedly gives some breathing space to the European project and opens [...]

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