France

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega No Merkel: Europe’s opportunity?

As Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel has dominated European politics for four terms, 15 years, many of them complex and fraught. Sometimes bravely, at other times less so; more as a tactician, a crisis manager, than as a strategist, lacking a true vision, albeit a tireless worker, studious, intimately [...]

EU-Mercosur Free Trade Agreement

On the 28th of June 2019, after two decades of negotiation, a historic trade agreement was struck between the European Union (EU) and the Mercosur trading bloc (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay). The awaited agreement is set to strengthen trade and political ties, as well as being an opportunity [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega If Le Pen wins

Far from being a fanciful notion, there is a serious possibility that Marine Le Pen could win the presidential election in France in spring 2022. The centre-left Jean Jaurés Foundation, in a report on the subject based on various indicators, deems it ‘not insignificant’. It is an eventuality that [...]

GAIA-X: an opportunity for the European digital sovereignty?

Winston Churchill stated that “it is always wise to look ahead, but difficult to look further than you can see”. Current times praise this quote: we live in a scenario of technological somnambulism, a stage with no total awareness and knowledge about transformation process that technology is producing in [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega NATO, lacking political guidance and with no arbitrary 2%

When Emmanuel Macron claimed in his declarations to The Economist that NATO was ‘brain dead’, he was essentially making the same observation as the child in the story, namely that the Emperor has no clothes. In operational terms, the North Atlantic Alliance has never had more military in its [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The EU: the chance for a fresh impetus

The EU’s enormous problems and many and complex divisions are still present: they have not faded away. There have been no miracles, but the recent elections to the European Parliament have changed many things, and despite, or because of, the fragmentation they have created, they could represent a political [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega What to look out for in the European elections

On the 23rd and 26th of May more than 400 million Europeans are due to vote in one of the largest democratic undertakings in the world (India’s is larger still) to elect the European Parliament, a chamber that co-legislates with the European Council on many matters, and acts as [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The return of industrial policy: more European than Europeanist

A Spanish Minister said in the 1990s that ‘the best industrial policy is one that doesn’t exist’. Although Carlos Solchaga oversaw a courageous and tough bout of industrial restructuring, it is unlikely that such an affirmation would find much favour today amid European concerns about the Fourth Industrial Revolution [...]

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