France

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The EU: (almost) everybody wants to be in everything

Some time ago the European Commission presented five scenarios for the future of Europe: (1) carrying on; (2) nothing but the Single Market; (3) those who want more, do more; (4) doing less more efficiently; and (5) doing much more together. It seemed that the scenario with the best [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Crisis in Social Democracy, crisis in Europe?

The construction of Europe in the post-war world was, as Jacques Delors used to say, “the offspring of the virtuos love affair between Christian Democracy and Social Democracy”. The former has changed a great deal, although in Germany it remains strong, albeit diminished. But in the EU’s two central [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Merkel is Germany

Angela Merkel is not only German, she is Germany. She is European, but she is not Europe, even though some outsiders view her as such. And she is not Europe precisely because she is Germany. Her latest victory in the elections on Sunday, while expected, heralds a new phase [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Brexit and Trump as vaccination: four decisive years for the EU

Both Brexit and Donald Trump’s election have mutated from appearing to be a form of divisive virus –that could spread– into becoming something akin to a vaccine for the EU and its members states. But its effects are likely to endure only for a limited period of time: following [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega A 360º NATO, but without Article 5?

NATO does not like referring to fronts, because this would imply enemies. It prefers everything to be a matter of flanks: the Eastern flank (bordering Russia) and the Southern flank. But this has been superseded too. It is obsolete terminology and now there is talk of a 360º NATO, [...]

The importance of Spanish-German cooperation in strengthening the EU

The EU is facing enormous economic, social and geostrategic challenges. Internally, it needs to cope with increased inequality (due to the effects of the Great Recession and the Eurozone crisis, but also the impact of new technologies and automation), the flaws in the governance of the Eurozone, Brexit, the [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega A social Europe, protective but not protectionist

Between the two rounds of the French presidential election, in which the debate about Europe was a central issue, the European Commission added its own not entirely coincidental contribution with its Reflection Paper on the Social Dimension of Europe. It has resurrected the idea of relaunching the social dimension [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Macron, champion of European sovereignty

In Emmanuel Macron, France has secured a pro-European President (one might go as far to say romantically pro-European), outstripping François Hollande by some margin in this respect, but in a society that is divided on the issue. It undoubtedly gives some breathing space to the European project and opens [...]
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