fourth industrial revolution

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Trump and what caused him

The causes underlying Donald Trump’s arrival in the White House exactly one year ago are still subject to debate. But these causes, which are manifold and complex, have a bearing on his impact, on his politics, which have taken and indeed are taking their time to materialise. One example [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega 100 years after the Russian Revolution: central planning with big data?

At a time when the centenary of the Russian Revolution is being commemorated, it is worth asking what (even greater) degree of control and repression would the system have been able to attain had it had access to the instruments that the Internet and associated technologies now provide? In [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega A vertical moment

There are horizontal periods – indeed some people, Thomas Friedman among them, believed some years ago that the world was definitively flat– and periods in which verticality imposes itself again. In many ways, we are once again moving from the horizontal to the vertical with, for example, borders where [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Global risks: are they really not economic?

‘Davos is a factory where conventional wisdom is manufactured’, according to David Rothkopf, Editor of Foreign Policy. But it frequently happens that this ‘conventional wisdom’ is simply wrong. Forming part of it are the forecasts of the World Economic Forum, which, nevertheless, are always of great interest. It is [...]
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