foreign policy

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega God, arms and law: Biden or Trump, nothing will be as before

For some time it has been possible to portray the Transatlantic divide on the basis of three concepts: God, arms and the law. Now, the breach between them has also become a domestic issue in the US. Formerly Europe was less religious than the US and religion had less [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The chessboard and the networks

Joseph Nye described the complex post-Cold War world as akin to three chessboards on which one has to play simultaneously: a chessboard of military power, dominated by the US; an intermediate multipolar board of economic power; and a more diverse realm of non-state actors. Anne-Marie Slaughter, in a book [...]

Foreign policy means and ends: results of the Global Diplomacy Index and the Elcano Global Presence Index

The Lowy Institute for International Policy has published the 2016 edition of its Global Diplomacy Index. This index calculates the number of diplomatic representations of each G20 and/or OECD country in the rest of the G20/OECD network, including embassies and high commissions (for Commonwealth countries), consulates, or representations to [...]

Is India the new China?

Maybe it is, but it could take a while in global presence terms. Following the episodes of financial turbulence and a cooling of growth rates and expectations in China, there is a rising debate on whether the other Asian giant, India, could now take the lead in several domains [...]

Contrasts between the realism of Kennan and Obama

Was George F. Kennan a diplomatic historian rather than a diplomat who wielded influence in government circles? The answer must be in the affirmative because, despite the kudos he garnered as the strategist who advocated containing the USSR from the outset of the Cold War, Kennan faced consistent problems [...]

Kennan’s ‘long telegram’: reflections from the past and the present

On 22 February 1946 George F. Kennan, chargé d’affaires at the US embassy in Moscow, sent Washington a memorandum known as the ‘long telegram’, which was 5,000 words in length. A recapitulation of this document, The Sources of Soviet Conduct, written by the selfsame Kennan under the pseudonym of [...]

United States’ global presence: who is right? Obama or Trump?

During his last State of the Union address, the President of the United States of America, Barack Obama, sought to clear the many doubts raised by the GOP presidential candidates, namely Donald Trump, the controversial entrepreneur, as to the country’s economic strength. The disastrous and uncertain “end of cycle” [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The Obama Doctrine: diplomacy with force in the background

Burma, before; Iran and Cuba, now. In his relations with these countries, at the end of his second term, Obama is defining a new foreign policy. In his own words, the Obama Doctrine means: ‘We will engage, but we will preserve our capabilities’. That is to say, diplomacy first, [...]

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