energy

Spanish citizens and Climate Change

Spain is both a climate hot spot and one of the largest GHG emitters in the EU-28 (see table 1). It does not yet have a framework Climate Change and Energy Transition Law, despite its commitment at COP21 in Paris back in 2015. Acceptance of such a law by [...]

The Middle East global presence: between Latin America and Africa

The Elcano Global Presence Index includes all countries of the Middle East, with the exception of Bahrein and Palestine. Affected by a variety of conflicts, such as those of Syria and Yemen, the region ranks 5th and has the lowest growth since 1990 after Latin America. Two major poles [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega ‘Yellow vests’: the first rebellion against the ecological transition

The relatively modest but nevertheless paralysing movement of the gilets jaunes, or ‘yellow vests’, has caught France, and French politics, off guard. It could be argued that it is Europe’s first rebellion against the ecological transition, to an economy free of fossil fuels, with the EU heralding the beginning [...]

A roadmap for sustainable electricity trade between Morocco and Europe

At the COP22 meeting in Marrakesh, Morocco and the EU member States France, Germany, Portugal and Spain announced a Joint Declaration on the Establishment of a Roadmap for Sustainable Electricity Trade (SET) between Morocco and the European Internal Energy Market. The goal is to facilitate the ‘mutually beneficial’ exchanges [...]

Arctic: from Cold to Ice-cold War

Vyacheslav Shtyrov, chairman of the Russian council of experts on the Arctic and Antarctica, recently said that ‘there is a strong possibility that the Russian Arctic is the first line of defence in case of a global military conflict, because that is the most likely direction of an adversary’s [...]

The Energiewende and Germany’s Industrial Policy

The Energiewende is bringing about fundamental changes to Germany’s energy mix through short, medium and long term targets. Yet despite numerous studies, there is still a lack of clarity about the driving forces behind this energy transition. Reports of these drivers vary considerably, touching upon affordability, import dependency and [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega We’re losing Turkey

Turkey is moving further away from the West and getting closer to Eurasia, including Russia. President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s discourse is becoming steadily more anti-Western and anti-European. He recently claimed that the Turks had reached America three centuries before Christopher Columbus. He added: ‘Those who colonised America for its [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Globalisation’s re-Americanisation

For a while globalisation was considered to be the same as Americanisation. The hyperpower, including its consumers, benefitted the most from the process, although many others did so too. However, the emergence of China, especially, turned the tables. Despite US influence, even culturally, continuing to grow and still dominating [...]

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