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Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Middle classes cut down to size

It may seem contradictory when the middle classes in emerging economies (now going through a slowdown) are growing like never before. But according to some studies, their numbers have been exaggerated. And in a good deal of Europe and the US, the middle classes are in free-fall, something that [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The US: votes of rage

Of the various terms used to describe the mood of voters, ‘rage’ and ‘anger’ emerge with perhaps the greatest frequency in the analyses and surveys, both quantitative and qualitative, of the elections in the US. Rage has been on the rise since 2010, and it accounts for phenomena such [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Venezuela: struggle for power with a backdrop of economic disaster

Initially, Hugo Chávez won elections, all above board. But then he began to win with all manner of chicanery and by manipulating the State’s institutions, as his regime gradually jettisoned any checks and balances. Nevertheless, he continued to win incontestably. Now, under Nicolás Maduro, whose mandate ends in 2019, [...]

EU-India relations: let’s focus on getting to know each other better

At the beginning of this month, I had the privilege to be invited to New Delhi (my first time ever) to attend a meeting of European and Indian think tanks on the topic: “EU and India: closer partners in global governance?” The event was organized by the EU-Asia Centre [...]

The EU and resource governance: rules and facts

Resource governance is a relatively novel issue in global and European energy governance. By the mid-1990s there was already an overwhelming literature on the ‘resource curse’ showing that the contingent benefits of oil, gas and mining for economic development were not being realised, leading instead to increased inequality and [...]

Global development leads to countries’ global presence

In just a few days, a new global development agenda, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will be approved at a UN Summit to be held in New York. These targets are meant to replace the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that have shaped the international aid system for 15 years [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Latin America: time well employed, time wasted

Latin America –many of its countries, states and companies– have taken advantage of the economic growth of recent years to boost the creation of a middle class which, in turn, should be the basis for future development. In this respect, the region has made good use of its time. [...]

Financial crises and flushing toilets

Last week I was at the International Studies Association (ISA) Annual Convention in New Orleans (Louisiana). The ISA is the most important gathering of International Relations (IR) and International Political Economy (IPE) scholars in the world. Usually there are thousands of delegates and hundreds of panels, and this time [...]

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