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The importance of Spanish-German cooperation in strengthening the EU

The EU is facing enormous economic, social and geostrategic challenges. Internally, it needs to cope with increased inequality (due to the effects of the Great Recession and the Eurozone crisis, but also the impact of new technologies and automation), the flaws in the governance of the Eurozone, Brexit, the [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega A social Europe, protective but not protectionist

Between the two rounds of the French presidential election, in which the debate about Europe was a central issue, the European Commission added its own not entirely coincidental contribution with its Reflection Paper on the Social Dimension of Europe. It has resurrected the idea of relaunching the social dimension [...]

Mental borders and the clash of ignorance

Humanity is on its way to settling in a global village. In a world where physical distances become shorter and information flows at top speed, the concept of borders takes on different forms. There are physical and political borders which are built to separate those who are different, or [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The Return of Africa

The population of Africa has passed the 1.2 billion mark and will double between now and 2050, overtaking China and India combined. Regional GDP already exceeds US$ 3 trillion and the growth in consumption is expected to offer significant prospects and opportunities for local and foreign companies alike over [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega A map of the future: islands, orbits or communities

Every four years, the US National Intelligence Council (NIC) carries out an exercise of the utmost interest looking at world trends. This is the sixth report in the series, and it has been published on the eve of Donald Trump’s arrival in the White House this Friday, a man [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The western middle classes: decline, stagnation or rise?

The decline of a section of the middle classes in the west could be behind the electoral upheaval and the growth of populism in a large number of societies, but what is the truth of the matter? And if it is the case, what accounts for it? Globalisation? Technology [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Brave discourses, constructive discourses

There are various ways to try to halt the rise of xenophobic and anti-European populism. One way, clearly, is to stem the causes of their growth: helping the people who have lost out from the recent crisis and from globalisation, addressing the security and identity issues that have proliferated [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Is Hugo Chávez still there?

Reading decree nº 2,323 in the Official State Gazette of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, whereby President Nicolás Maduro Moros declared a “state of exception and economic emergency” on 13 May, is instructive. Not only because it contains profuse allusions to foreign conspiracies against the regime, authorises military deployments [...]

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