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Forty years of democratic Spain

Forty years ago this month, Spaniards overwhelmingly approved their new Constitution in a referendum which sealed the country’s transition to democracy. General Francisco Franco had died in 1975, after ruling Spain since 1939 following his victory in the three-year civil war. Be it economically with, for example, the creation [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega ‘Yellow vests’: the first rebellion against the ecological transition

The relatively modest but nevertheless paralysing movement of the gilets jaunes, or ‘yellow vests’, has caught France, and French politics, off guard. It could be argued that it is Europe’s first rebellion against the ecological transition, to an economy free of fossil fuels, with the EU heralding the beginning [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The young have more sway in the US than in Europe

A significant number of young people seem to have mobilised against Trump in the US mid-term elections held on 6 November, which swept the Democrats to power in the House of Representatives although the Republicans retained their majority in the Senate. Elsewhere, contrary to what was initially claimed, young [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega A Contract to remedy the web

The Internet and the World Wide Web (WWW) were at first almost utopian, at least when they escaped the confines of their military and academic origins and opened up to the general public. Almost 30 years later, the explosion in connectivity, information and transparency has been overshadowed by various [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The G20 and the management of global goods

The G20, which accounts for 85% of the world’s GDP, 80% of its trade and two thirds of its population, is not an institution as such but a mechanism for coordinating and driving policies. Since the financial crisis that erupted 10 years ago, it has used its summits of [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Europe should not be betting against Trump

He wants to be re-elected in 2020: Donald Trump explicitly said so, claiming in a recent interview in Britain’s Mail on Sunday that ‘everybody wants’ him to stand. There are many in Europe who believe he will lose control of Congress in the November elections and that two years [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega EU: external centrifugal forces and European ‘clusters’

The EU’s problems stem not only from within but also from without. What the governments of non-member countries do has an impact on the range of ‘clusters’ into which the Union is fracturing, divisions that are already more complex than North-South, East-West or lenders-borrowers. It is not the cause, [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Trade wars and conflict of perceptions

When China joined the World Trade Organisation (WTO) in 2001, it was still a developing country. More than 15 years later, its circumstances have changed and it has turned into the world’s second-largest economy. The WTO has served not to discipline China, which is what Trump (and to some [...]

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