Sub-Saharan Africa

Posts on Sub-Saharan Africa

European Union’s foreign policy and technology in Africa

It is not by chance that the European Commission’s president, Ursula von der Leyen, visited twice the African Union headquarters in Ethiopia during her first 100 days in office. The latest European Union’s Strategy on Africa, released in March 2020, leans on five pillars: green transition and energy access; [...]

African global presence: scant global presence and high concentration

The Elcano Global Presence Index includes 28 African countries: 86.7% of the region’s GDP and 78.1% of its population. Africa has the lowest global presence but the highest growth since 1990 (+141.4%), ahead of Asia and the Pacific. Its rank is in line with its GDP but not with [...]

China in Africa, a hybrid strategy

Since China began its opening to the world just over 40 years ago, the international society has witnessed the awakening of the great Asian giant, which, embracing a new slogan of “peace and development”, has burst firmly onto the global scene to transform its geopolitics and alter the balance [...]

A tale of Africa’s behaviour in Elcano Global Presence Index

The Elcano Global Presence Index is calculated and updated yearly. Ten new countries are added to the Index database every year. This means that we now have records of global presence index value, contributions (of the economic, military and soft dimension to countries’ external projection) and quotas (held by [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The Return of Africa

The population of Africa has passed the 1.2 billion mark and will double between now and 2050, overtaking China and India combined. Regional GDP already exceeds US$ 3 trillion and the growth in consumption is expected to offer significant prospects and opportunities for local and foreign companies alike over [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The other necessary international coalition: against the Ebola epidemic

The international coalition against the Ebola epidemic is slowly being built upon the accumulation of mistakes made in the recent past. The number of cases in West Africa is growing exponentially –doubling every month— and now totals well over 3,000. Speaking at the UN, Barack Obama warned of the [...]

Is China becoming a ‘normal’ oil player in Africa?

Chinese investments in Africa increased from roughly US$1 billion in 2000 to over US$200 billion in 2012, a significant part being related to the extraction of natural resources. China has become the third-largest importer of African oil, which now accounts for around one-third of its total oil imports. Oil [...]

Spain: looking ahead to the African Century

I am a great believer in Africa. In 2010 a study by the McKinsey Global Institute stated that six of the world’s 10 fastest-growing economies in the previous decade were not in Asia but on the African continent. Since then, my scepticism regarding an African economic miracle has gradually [...]

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