Security and Defence

Posts on security and defence

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega What did NATO promise Gorbachev?

Some in Russia maintain that the West promised there would be no NATO expansion eastwards, even towards what was soon to be the former German Democratic Republic (GDR), in exchange for accepting German unification. The West, particularly the US, maintains there was no such commitment. Which is true? It [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega NATO: fronts, frontiers and vectors

During the Cold War, NATO was conceived in terms of fronts and borders. It had only one front, the central one facing the Soviet menace, but also flanks, such as its southern edge, of which Spain formed part even before it joined the Alliance. In the present day NATO [...]

The Elcano Global Presence Index and measuring military projection

The Elcano Royal Institute has developed an Index (the Elcano Global Presence Index) to measure the global presence of key countries in the world. The index seeks to measure the ability of countries to project themselves beyond their borders. External presence is a prerequisite for countries to achieve influence [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega NATO makes a comeback, or not?

The announcement of NATO’s clinical death at the age of 65 has been premature. It is emerging from Afghanistan after a long war with uncertain results, but which has also seen history’s largest military coalition, comprising the 28 NATO allies and a further 22 States that have cooperated with [...]

NATO-EU: Approaches to Mediterranean Security

Franco Frattini is justice and chamber president of the Italian Supreme Administrative Court. He was the Former Foreign Minister in the Italian Cabinet  (2002 to 2004 and 2008 to 2011) and Vice President and European Commissioner for Justice, Freedom and Security in the first Barroso Commission (2004-2008). He is [...]

Contacto | Aviso legal y política de privacidad

2012-2019, Real Instituto Elcano - Elcano Royal Institute | Príncipe de Vergara, 51. 28006 Madrid (España - Spain) | Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0