Global Policy

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Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The G20 and the management of global goods

The G20, which accounts for 85% of the world’s GDP, 80% of its trade and two thirds of its population, is not an institution as such but a mechanism for coordinating and driving policies. Since the financial crisis that erupted 10 years ago, it has used its summits of [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The demolition of Rodrik’s trilemma

In his book The Globalization Paradox, published in 2011, the Harvard Professor Dani Rodrik formulated his famous trilemma: it is impossible to attain economic hyperglobalisation, national sovereignty and democracy simultaneously, because only two of these things can be achieved at any one time. The sides of the triangle must [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Russia 2018: a geopolitical World Cup

The FIFA World Cup in Russia, the sporting event with the largest TV audience, is helping to overcome the Putin regime’s international isolation, at least in the West. This is what the President was hoping for, with the second large-scale global event of this kind in Russia in the [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Digital sovereignty

The debate about sovereignty has entered the digital realm. At root, sovereignty involves control of one’s own destiny. The Chinese Premier Xi Jinping refers to it when he talks of his goal, announced as long ago as 2015, of turning China into a “cyber superpower”, a “national power in [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The dangerous politics of humiliation

One of the expressions that has cropped up in various analyses of Donald Trump’s foreign policy is ‘humiliation’, whether in the context of Mexico, Iran, Europe, the UN or even for a period North Korea, although his meeting with Kim Jong-un, scheduled for 12 June in Singapore, represents a [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The best of all possible worlds

‘The best of all possible worlds’ is a simplistic expression stemming from the philosopher Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz’s complex 1710 Essays of Theodicy. Voltaire lampooned it, its idea of evil and its alleged optimism in Candide, in which he had his character Pangloss declare that ‘all is for the best [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The decline of the West, 1918-2018

This summer will mark the centenary of the appearance of the first volume of Oswald Spengler’s influential The Decline of the West (Der Untergang des Abendlandes), first published in 1918, when the First World War was in its death throes prior to the November armistice. One hundred years later [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Psychographic advertising: the global battle to sway minds

It’s nothing new. Much indeed was known or suspected: specifically, that by using data from social media it is possible to send and personalise messages –true and otherwise– to reach many millions of individual users (who, even if pseudonymous, are real) or groups of them. Using Facebook data this [...]
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