Raquel Jorge-Ricart

Fulbright Fellow in the United States and independent analyst. Masters in Security Policy (George Washington University, Washington D.C.), specializing in security and defense policy planning and project management, emerging technologies, and foreign policy. Before, Masters in International Relations and African Studies (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid). Sociologist and political scientist, for transformation and innovation. @RaquelJorgeR | Raquel Esther Jorge-Ricart - LinkedIn

GAIA-X: an opportunity for the European digital sovereignty?

Winston Churchill stated that “it is always wise to look ahead, but difficult to look further than you can see”. Current times praise this quote: we live in a scenario of technological somnambulism, a stage with no total awareness and knowledge about transformation process that technology is producing in [...]

Which multilateralism for Cyber Norms?

Making a virtue out of necessity. In a crisis situation such as the current pandemic in which the United Nations Secretary-General called for a global ceasefire of armed conflicts as common responsibility, cyberspace –one of the greatest forgotten topics in global negotiations– appears to be at present –more than [...]

Digital truce at times of post-crisis

Digital dividends co-exist with digital divides. Critical junctures reveal at what extent the scope, spread and speed of those Global Commons which are not merely up to States are likely to produce a significant turn. In the case of the current coronavirus crisis, cyberspace and complex digital-based world are [...]

Big Tech companies and States: policy or politics?

In January 2020, Microsoft announced the creation of a permanent delegation at the United Nations in New York City. The goal is to advance the UN Sustainable Development Goals on key technology, humanitarian, environmental, development, and security issues. The same company also appointed for the first-time a (Danish) diplomat [...]

Which futures for which democracies

According to the latest edition of the Democracy Index by The Economist Intelligence Unit, globally there are more authoritarian and hybrid regimes than democratic countries: 91 States against 76. Within “democracy” category, 54 countries are flawed democracies, while only 22 States may be found at the “full democracy” label. [...]

Aerial international military cooperation: trust and transparency?

From time to time, United States’ foreign policy is put under strain, but the produced noise is never heard beyond Washington, D.C. In October 2019, Eliot Engel, Democrat representative for New York and House Foreign Affairs Committee chair, sent a letter to Robert O’Brien, National Security Adviser, in which [...]

Future risks: towards a common governance in light of uncertainty

In February 2002, the United States Secretary of Defense, Donald Rumsfeld, when asked about the ack of evidence linking the Iraqi government with the supply of weapons of mass destruction to terrorist organizations, replied: “There are things we know we know. We also know there are known unknowns (…). [...]

Military outsourcing and the respect for International Humanitarian Law: the Montreux Document and ICoCA

Privatization of armed conflicts has spread over these two last decades and, with it, stakeholders involved. Armed forces’ externalization and military outsourcing in the aftermath of the so-called “overall fight against terrorism” led to a series of intergovernmental meetings which, with the support of a network of experts on [...]

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