Manuel Gracia Santos

Manuel Gracia Santos

Analyst for the Elcano Global Presence Index project at the Elcano Royal Institute. PhD in Economics and Master Master in International Economics and Development, he is currently Associate Professor of the Department of Applied Economics at Madrid's Complutense University. @mgraciasn

Asia-Pacific global presence: the emerged region

The Elcano Global Presence Index includes 19 countries from the Asia-Pacific region, 99.5% of the region’s GDP and 96.7 % of its population.  By regions, Asia-Pacific ranks now third in the global presence ranking (with an index value close to that of North America), after recording an impressive growth [...]

The Middle East global presence: between Latin America and Africa

The Elcano Global Presence Index includes all countries of the Middle East, with the exception of Bahrein and Palestine. Affected by a variety of conflicts, such as those of Syria and Yemen, the region ranks 5th and has the lowest growth since 1990 after Latin America. Two major poles [...]

The 2018 Elcano Global Presence Index is here

Today, we are launching a new edition of the Elcano Global Presence Index; an index that aims to measure the extent of the external projection of countries. These are the data for 2018, that complement a series that now includes 57,672 observations across 13 years (since the fall of [...]

A tale of Africa’s behaviour in Elcano Global Presence Index

The Elcano Global Presence Index is calculated and updated yearly. Ten new countries are added to the Index database every year. This means that we now have records of global presence index value, contributions (of the economic, military and soft dimension to countries’ external projection) and quotas (held by [...]

Three things we have learned in Ispra

Building a composite indicator is not an easy task. Firstly, it is necessary to have a clear idea of the object or concept to be measured. This precision is mandatory for guaranteeing the coherence of the index when selecting the variables and indicators that will integrate it. Moreover, these [...]

The United Kingdom is Spain’s major global partner

With an index value of 204.1 points, Spain ranks 12th (out of 100 countries) in the latest edition of Elcano Global Presence Index –that assesses countries according to their external projection in the economic, strategic and cultural and social spheres–. Spain has considerably increased its global presence between 1990 [...]

Approaching Brexit, Trump and globalization from the Elcano Global Presence Index

Like in the nineties, globalization has become, anew, a buzzword in political, sociological and economic debates. Moreover, it has been a major issue in two of the most important recent political campaigns in Western countries: the Brexit referendum and the US presidential elections. An increasing number of analyses are [...]

(A very preliminary assessment of) the global presence of the European Union without the United Kingdom

The implications of the EU referendum held in the United Kingdom are both deep and wide (see, for instance, an analysis of its implications for the European process here). This short piece aims at assessing (very preliminary) one of its derivatives, which is the value and features of the [...]

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