Gonzalo Escribano

Gonzalo Escribano

Director of the Energy and Climate Change Programme at the Elcano Royal Institute. His research focuses on the geopolitics of energy and geo-economics, particularly the political economy of North African countries. @g_escribano

A roadmap for sustainable electricity trade between Morocco and Europe

At the COP22 meeting in Marrakesh, Morocco and the EU member States France, Germany, Portugal and Spain announced a Joint Declaration on the Establishment of a Roadmap for Sustainable Electricity Trade (SET) between Morocco and the European Internal Energy Market. The goal is to facilitate the ‘mutually beneficial’ exchanges [...]

The discreet (and declining) charm of Venezuelan oil diplomacy

Venezuela has been severely hit by the collapse in oil prices since mid-2014. However, its oil output started to plummet well before. The country’s oil production peaked in 2008 at 3.24 million barrels per day (bpd). The latest OPEC data for May 2016 report a production of 2.37 million [...]

The Future of Natural Gas in South America

Latin America is one of the most dynamic regions for the development of natural gas markets at the global, regional and national levels. In fact, all the existing projections point to a significant increase in the degree of gas penetration in South America’s energy markets. Although unevenly distributed, natural [...]

Libya: finding a way out of the labyrinth must be by way of the oil terminals

In recent years the production of oil in Libya has endured a rollercoaster ride reflecting a succession of blockades, attacks, strikes and sabotage carried out on oil and gas installations (some accounts catalogue up to 75 incidents and dozens of fatalities). Output in 2010 was close to 1.6 million [...]

The EU and resource governance: rules and facts

Resource governance is a relatively novel issue in global and European energy governance. By the mid-1990s there was already an overwhelming literature on the ‘resource curse’ showing that the contingent benefits of oil, gas and mining for economic development were not being realised, leading instead to increased inequality and [...]

Is China becoming a ‘normal’ oil player in Africa?

Chinese investments in Africa increased from roughly US$1 billion in 2000 to over US$200 billion in 2012, a significant part being related to the extraction of natural resources. China has become the third-largest importer of African oil, which now accounts for around one-third of its total oil imports. Oil [...]
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