Gonzalo Escribano

Gonzalo Escribano

Director of the Energy and Climate Change Programme at the Elcano Royal Institute. His research focuses on the geopolitics of energy and geo-economics, particularly the political economy of North African countries. @g_escribano

A look at the geopolitics of the European Green Deal

Over the last few years, climate change diplomacy captured the attention of policymakers and made the case for a low carbon energy transition. Countries have taken some measures to reduce emissions and to adapt to the impacts of climate change, even if these fall short of what is required [...]

Spanish citizens and Climate Change

Spain is both a climate hot spot and one of the largest GHG emitters in the EU-28 (see table 1). It does not yet have a framework Climate Change and Energy Transition Law, despite its commitment at COP21 in Paris back in 2015. Acceptance of such a law by [...]

The CEO who is changing Algeria’s energy landscape

On 20 November 2018, the CEO of Sonatrach Abdelmoumen Ould Kaddour visited Spain to celebrate the renewal of gas contracts with the Spanish energy company Naturgy. He also took the opportunity to present the Algerian oil and gas national company’s vision for 2030 at the Elcano Royal Institute. This [...]

A roadmap for sustainable electricity trade between Morocco and Europe

At the COP22 meeting in Marrakesh, Morocco and the EU member States France, Germany, Portugal and Spain announced a Joint Declaration on the Establishment of a Roadmap for Sustainable Electricity Trade (SET) between Morocco and the European Internal Energy Market. The goal is to facilitate the ‘mutually beneficial’ exchanges [...]

The discreet (and declining) charm of Venezuelan oil diplomacy

Venezuela has been severely hit by the collapse in oil prices since mid-2014. However, its oil output started to plummet well before. The country’s oil production peaked in 2008 at 3.24 million barrels per day (bpd). The latest OPEC data for May 2016 report a production of 2.37 million [...]

The Future of Natural Gas in South America

Latin America is one of the most dynamic regions for the development of natural gas markets at the global, regional and national levels. In fact, all the existing projections point to a significant increase in the degree of gas penetration in South America’s energy markets. Although unevenly distributed, natural [...]

Libya: finding a way out of the labyrinth must be by way of the oil terminals

In recent years the production of oil in Libya has endured a rollercoaster ride reflecting a succession of blockades, attacks, strikes and sabotage carried out on oil and gas installations (some accounts catalogue up to 75 incidents and dozens of fatalities). Output in 2010 was close to 1.6 million [...]

The EU and resource governance: rules and facts

Resource governance is a relatively novel issue in global and European energy governance. By the mid-1990s there was already an overwhelming literature on the ‘resource curse’ showing that the contingent benefits of oil, gas and mining for economic development were not being realised, leading instead to increased inequality and [...]

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