Yearly Archive: 2018

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The demolition of Rodrik’s trilemma

In his book The Globalization Paradox, published in 2011, the Harvard Professor Dani Rodrik formulated his famous trilemma: it is impossible to attain economic hyperglobalisation, national sovereignty and democracy simultaneously, because only two of these things can be achieved at any one time. The sides of the triangle must [...]

Europe and Latin America can blaze a trail on implementing the Paris Agreement

On Monday 18th  June, I had the pleasure to speak at a seminar on Ibero-America and the energy transition and climate change organized by the Elcano Royal Institute and Spain’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation. Here’s an edited version of my comments. The Paris Agreement was [...]

Catalonia is not Scotland, despite appearances

Catalonia and Scotland share grievances that led them to hold referendums on independence, in the first case an illegal vote in 2017, in defiance of the Spanish Constitution, and the second a legal one in 2014 agreed with the UK government as Britain does not have a codified constitution. [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Trump vs. NATO? Appearances and realities

Coming hard on the heels of the G7 in Quebec, and featuring largely the same cast, is the NATO summit in Brussels. At the unveiling of the organisation’s new headquarters slightly over a year ago, Donald Trump cast doubt on Article 5 of the Washington Treaty, which spells out [...]

The challenges of the IOM in a migration tricky era

The Portuguese António Vitorino will head the International Organization for Migration (IOM) for the next five years from 1 October. He will be the second non-US heading the agency since its foundation in 1951 (the other exception was in 1961-1969). The new Director General was appointed by acclamation, after [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Russia 2018: a geopolitical World Cup

The FIFA World Cup in Russia, the sporting event with the largest TV audience, is helping to overcome the Putin regime’s international isolation, at least in the West. This is what the President was hoping for, with the second large-scale global event of this kind in Russia in the [...]

EU: external centrifugal forces and European ‘clusters’

The EU’s problems stem not only from within but also from without. What the governments of non-member countries do has an impact on the range of ‘clusters’ into which the Union is fracturing, divisions that are already more complex than North-South, East-West or lenders-borrowers. It is not the cause, [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Trade wars and conflict of perceptions

When China joined the World Trade Organisation (WTO) in 2001, it was still a developing country. More than 15 years later, its circumstances have changed and it has turned into the world’s second-largest economy. The WTO has served not to discipline China, which is what Trump (and to some [...]
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