Yearly Archive: 2018

Spain’s protests over pensions: no room for populist measures

Old age pensioners (OAPs) have been protesting across Spain at their ‘miserable’ pensions which since 2014 have stopped being automatically indexed to inflation and have risen by only 0.25% a year under reforms aimed at making the creaking system sustainable. The population is ageing at a much faster pace [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Europe strengthens the rule of law

Europe –the EU and the Council of Europe– has enhanced the rule of law for both its citizens and member states. And it continues to do so. In recent weeks we have seen some examples of this enhanced rule-of-law provided by the EU, a system of which the European [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega The decline of the West, 1918-2018

This summer will mark the centenary of the appearance of the first volume of Oswald Spengler’s influential The Decline of the West (Der Untergang des Abendlandes), first published in 1918, when the First World War was in its death throes prior to the November armistice. One hundred years later [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Brexit: irreversible – or not?

In recent weeks a campaign has started to gather pace in the UK to stop Brexit –in favour of Remain, the losing side in the June 2016 referendum– before it comes into effect on 29 March 2019, less than a year from now. Reversing the decision, however, once Article [...]

Military outsourcing and the respect for International Humanitarian Law: the Montreux Document and ICoCA

Privatization of armed conflicts has spread over these two last decades and, with it, stakeholders involved. Armed forces’ externalization and military outsourcing in the aftermath of the so-called “overall fight against terrorism” led to a series of intergovernmental meetings which, with the support of a network of experts on [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Psychographic advertising: the global battle to sway minds

It’s nothing new. Much indeed was known or suspected: specifically, that by using data from social media it is possible to send and personalise messages –true and otherwise– to reach many millions of individual users (who, even if pseudonymous, are real) or groups of them. Using Facebook data this [...]

Three things we have learned in Ispra

Building a composite indicator is not an easy task. Firstly, it is necessary to have a clear idea of the object or concept to be measured. This precision is mandatory for guaranteeing the coherence of the index when selecting the variables and indicators that will integrate it. Moreover, these [...]

Global Spectator, by Andrés Ortega Tariffs: Trump’s three ploys

The Trump Administration’s announcement of import duties on steel and aluminium may trigger a spiral that leads to a trade war. In themselves, the measures are not of great importance. But they are important in terms of what they could signify. The announcement is based not on a whim, [...]
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